Food Safety Best Practices – Part III (Buildings and Facilities)

By June 5, 2018Blog

The FDA has rigorous guidelines outlining how food manufacturers should manage their businesses. These rules cover everything from weeding the lawn to the kind of grouting and enamel to use on table surfaces. This concludes the short series of posts. CERTUS has taken you through some of the most relevant (and easily overlooked) parts of the “Current good manufacturing practices” (CGMP.)

Maintenance of Buildings and Facilities:

Your place of business dictates many things about how you run your company. Your business volume, product output, and even profitability are largely affected by your buildings and facilities. The FDA also asserts that the state and condition of your production space (and the area around it!) affect your businesses’ food safety.

Grounds:

  • The FDA requires that you properly store your outdoor equipment (lawn mowers, for example.) In addition to this, you are also expected to remove litter and debris in a timely manner, as well as keeping control of your grass and weeds.
  • You must adequately drain low areas, to prevent habitat for pathogens or pests.
  • Having systems in place for waste treatment.

Plant Construction:

 Any plants owned by your company must be large enough to allow for cleaning and sanitizing activities (especially after you have installed your machinery!)

  • Good lighting must be provided in all areas, but especially in places where food is examined, processed, or stored. Be sure to use safety-type light bulbs!
  • Provide quality ventilation, to keep odors and pollutants from contaminating your food.

Sanitary Requirements:

 General sanitary maintenance is expected to a reasonable level.

  • Be sure to check that the chemicals used to clean and sanitize are approved by the FDA. They include:
    • Those required to maintain clean and sanitary conditions;
    • Those necessary for use in laboratory testing procedures;
    • Those necessary for plant and equipment maintenance and operation
    • Those necessary for use in the plant’s operations.
  • It is expected that you are keeping up with current pest control procedures. NO pests are allowed to be in contact with your food at any point.
  • Hand washing facilities must be readily available in many areas of your facility

There are many specific guidelines provided by the FDA. This is not meant to be a comprehensive list, so we recommend you take a look at the full guide on the FDA’s website. Following these guidelines is an excellent first step towards food safety for your product and your business.